CRIMINAL LAW IN SINGAPORE
In Singapore the Justice system is based on two main principles, the rule of law and the protection of the public. When a person is charged with an offence, they are known as the accused as they have not been found guilty yet.
When looking for a Criminal Lawyer in Singapore you should let them know which stage of the proceedings you are at. The following are some of the stages:
- Are you under investigation by the Singapore Police Force?
- Have you been requested / required by the Singapore Police Force to attend an interview?
- Have you been charged by the Police with any crime?
- What crime have you been charged with?
- Have you been charged in Court yet?
- Do you need Bail?
It is important to let your lawyer know which stage you are at so that they can advice you accordingly.
Cases We Specialise In
OUTRAGE OF MODESTY
DRIVING RELATED OFFENCES
FIGHTING / VIOLENCE RELATED OFFENCES
Criminal Law Process
Once the Police has reasonable suspicion that a person has committed a crime, they may be able to arrest you and will detain the person.
Some offences require a warrant of arrest while some do not, this is specified in the Criminal Procedure Code (Chapter 68).
CAN YOU ASK THE OFFICE TO SHOW YOU IDENTIFICATION?
WILL YOU BE SEARCHED UPON ARREST?
You may be searched upon being arrest, however only a female officer may search a female suspect.
HOW LONG CAN YOU BE DETAINED WHILE ARRESTED
You may only be detained for 48 hours, however if it is established that you have committed the crime you may be detained longer. If it is not established that you have committed the crime then the police must release you.
You may be require to give the Police your statement either at the time of the arrest or while you were detained.
Typically you will be interviewed on the facts and circumstance of the incident. The Police may also bring you to the scene of the crime to recover evidence which is relevant to the case.
The Police may also require you to take a “lie detector” / Polygraph test or even require you to take part in an identification parade.
Bail is a security paid to the Singapore Court in either cash or an undertaking to ensure that the accused will return to Court.
It is possible to obtain bail for most charges and the amount of bail varies on the circumstances.
The application for bail is processed at the Bail Centre of the State Courts of Singapore.
Bail is returned once the accused is found not guilty / is convicted and sentenced.
OPTIONS WHEN CHARGED IN COURT
When charged in Court you may:
- Seek an Adjournment to find a lawyer or if you need more time to make a decision;
- Plead Guilty
- Claim Trial
PLEADING GUILTY OR CLAIMING TRIAL
If you plead guilty this means that you must admit to the offence you are being charged for and that you understand the nature and consequence of pleading guilty. You must know what is the minimum and maximum sentence that may be decided by the Court and you are prepared to accept it.
If you are claiming trial this means you dispute the allegation that you had committed the crime.
The Court will fix a date for your Pre Trial Conference (PTC) where you will need to inform the Court the number of witnesses you will be calling in support of your case. The Judge will also inform you of the various documents that have to be filed and the deadlines to do so.